Sean R. Thomas, MD, Inc. & Associates

General Family Medicine located in Aliso Viejo, CA

Diabetes is a serious illness, whether it’s temporary or chronic. Make sure you’re caring for yourself as well as you can by booking an appointment at Sean R. Thomas, MD, Inc. & Associates today, located in Aliso Viejo, California. The team at Sean R. Thomas, MD, Inc. & Associates can guide you to a better life with diabetes, or a full recovery from diabetes. To learn more, schedule an appointment online or over the phone today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that alters how your body processes and uses sugar, also known as glucose. Diabetes drives your blood glucose level too high. Left untreated, this can lead to health problems and complications like:

  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • Blindness
  • Nerve damage
  • Foot damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Bacterial and fungal skin infections
  • Depression
  • Dementia
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Hearing loss
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Cardiovascular disease

To prevent complications like this, you have to manage your diabetes and work to keep your sugar near or at a normal level. For help with this, see the team at Sean R. Thomas, MD, Inc. & Associates.

What are the different types of diabetes?

There are a few different types of diabetes, divided into groups of chronic or temporary. Chronic variations of diabetes include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Temporary types include prediabetes and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes usually appears when you’re a child or adolescent. This type of diabetes causes your pancreas to produce little to no insulin. Doctors generally believe that type 1 diabetes is genetic. Your risk for type 1 diabetes can also increase due to environmental factors.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when your cells become insulin resistant to the point where your pancreas can’t produce enough insulin to offset the loss. As your insulin resistance builds, so does the amount of glucose in your bloodstream. Type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur in those who are older, don’t exercise, have a family history of type 2 diabetes, and/or are overweight.


Prediabetes is a predecessor of type 2 diabetes. They have the same causes. If you have prediabetes, your blood sugar is close to being high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a temporary type of diabetes that some women develop during pregnancy. It’s caused by pregnancy hormones that make your cells insulin resistant. Usually, this condition goes away after you give birth.

How do I manage my diabetes?

To manage, prevent, or even reverse type 2 diabetes or prediabetes, make sure to:

  • Do moderate exercise at least 30 minutes every day
  • Drop excess weight
  • Eat a balanced diet with healthy, non-sugary foods

If you have type 1 diabetes or gestational diabetes, discuss self-care strategies with your doctor.

If you’re ready to take back the reins and control your diabetes, reach out to the team at Sean R. Thomas, MD, Inc. & Associates. Schedule your appointment today online or over the phone.